How does a botanic garden differ from a botanical garden?

For the meaning of the adjective or related to botany or plant cultivation, botany and botany are acceptable, and there is no difference between them, but botany is more common in 21st century English. Botany was more common until the 20th century, but it has gradually ceased to be used. These were secular gardens attached to universities and medical schools, used as resources for teaching and research. Very few of the sites used for the United Kingdom's dispersed National Plant Collection, which generally house large collections from a particular taxonomic group, would be called botanical gardens. A herbarium conserves plants in their dry form, while a botanical garden preserves a living collection of plants.

In the United States, there is the American Public Garden Association (formerly the American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboretums), and in Australasia there are the Australian and New Zealand Botanical Gardens (BGANZ). botanical gardens had now become scientific collections, as botanists published their descriptions of new exotic plants, and they were also recorded in detail for posterity by means of magnificent botanical illustrations. For example, a large wooded garden with a good collection of rhododendrons and other species of flowering trees and shrubs is very likely to be presented as a botanical garden if it is located in the U.S. In the US, but it's highly unlikely to do so in the UK (unless it also contains other relevant features).

In fact, the publication's staff play a vital role as one of the main modes of expression of a botanical garden. The royal gardens of the Near East, reserved for economic use or exhibition and containing at least some plants obtained during special collection trips or military campaigns abroad, have been known since the second millennium BC. C. in ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Crete, Mexico and China.

The golden age of the garden came in the 18th century, when it became the richest botanical garden in the world. The Fomin Botanical Garden of the Taras Shevchenko National University in Kiev, founded in 1839, is located in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. The main difference between an herbarium and a botanical garden is that a botanical garden is a place created to preserve and maintain collections of living plants of different species, while the herbarium is a place built to preserve and maintain dry and well-pressed plant specimens as a collection. It can contain collections of specialized plants, such as cacti and other succulents, herb gardens, plants from certain parts of the world, etc.

There may be greenhouses, shady houses, also with special collections such as tropical plants, alpine plants or other exotic plants. The Quito botanical garden is a park, a botanical garden, an arboretum and greenhouses of 18,600 square meters that are planned to increase, maintain the country's plants (Ecuador is among the 17 richest countries in the world in terms of native species, a study on this topic). Chelsea's garden had heated greenhouses and, in 1723, he appointed Philip Miller (1691-1777) as head gardener. The oldest botanical garden in South Africa is the Durban Botanical Garden, which has been on the same site since 1851.Botanical gardens provide an excellent means of communication between the world of botanical science and the general public.