What's the difference between a garden and a botanical garden?

Sometimes these adjectives mean the same thing, and the choice is yours, as is the case with “botanist” and “botanist”, cyclical and “cyclical”, ironic and “ironic”, geological and “geological”, among others. Scientists also use botanical gardens to study the medicinal properties of plants, especially in the Chelsea Physical Garden. The modern botanical garden often has an extensive collection divided regionally or by genetic relationships. One of the main contemporary objectives of botanical gardens is to maintain extensive collections of plants, labeled with common and scientific names and regions of origin.

The botanical garden, also called the botanical garden, was originally a collection of living plants designed primarily to illustrate relationships within groups of plants. Others have a large and varied stock, often arranged in a garden to make the plants more attractive and to give customers an idea of what several plants look like together. Visitors are given a guide to the botanical garden and are encouraged to walk around and examine the collections. Botanical gardens and nurseries raise and care for plants, albeit with different purposes in mind.

Plants that were once of medicinal value and extremely important in early botanical gardens are now mainly of historical interest and are not particularly represented in contemporary collections. Botanical gardens are reservoirs of valuable hereditary characteristics, potentially important in the reproduction of new varieties of plants. Carolus Clusius, a prominent 16th century botanist, for example, assembled an extensive collection of flowering bulbs in the Leiden Botanical Garden (The Netherlands), which turned out to be the beginning of the Dutch bulb industry. Since then, the classical botanical garden as a teaching and medicinal garden has been declining, to be replaced by gardens dedicated mainly to the cultivation of plants and the exhibition of ornamental plants and groups of plants of special interest.

At the end of the 16th century there were five such gardens in Europe and, by the middle of the 20th century, several hundred. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the science of botany took shape, and many of the important botanists of the time were directors of the botanical gardens of their time. An exhibition garden that focuses on woody plants (shrubs and trees) is often called an arboretum. In modern times, most botanical gardens are mainly concerned with displaying ornamental plants, as far as possible in a scheme that emphasizes natural relationships.