Who owns botanical gardens?

NYBG operates one of the world's largest plant research and conservation programs. NYBG was established in 1891 and the first structures were opened on the ground. Nearly 90,000 of annual visitors are children from neighboring underserved communities. Another 3,000 are teachers in the New York City public school system who participate in professional development programs that enable them to teach science courses at all grade levels.

United States Botanical Garden Conservatory, 100 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20001 (20 225-8333). He then detailed many of the objectives pursued by the world's botanical gardens in the mid-19th century, when European gardens were at their peak. Then, in the 19th and 20th centuries, the trend was toward a combination of specialized and eclectic collections that showed many aspects of horticulture and botany. Many gardens now have plant stores that sell flowers, herbs and vegetable seedlings suitable for transplantation; many, such as the UBC Botanical Garden and the Plant Research Center and the Chicago Botanical Garden, have plant breeding programs and introduce new plants to the horticultural trade.

The origin of modern botanical gardens generally dates back to the appointment of professors of botany to the medical schools of universities in 16th century Renaissance Italy, which also involved the healing of a medicinal garden. The royal gardens of the Near East, reserved for economic use or display and containing at least some plants obtained during special collection trips or military campaigns abroad, have been known since the second millennium BC. C. in ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Crete, Mexico and China.

Other botanical gardens in the country include the Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden, the Harold Porter National Botanical Garden, and the Karoo Desert National Botanical Garden. With the rapid expansion of European colonies around the world in the late 18th century, botanical gardens were established in the tropics and economic botany became a focus of attention with the Royal Botanic Garden in Kew, near London. Ibn Bassal then founded a garden in Seville, and most of his plants were collected on a botanical expedition that included Morocco, Persia, Sicily and Egypt. Very few of the sites used for the United Kingdom's dispersed National Plant Collection, which generally house large collections from a particular taxonomic group, would be called botanical gardens.

Botanical gardens began to serve many interests and their exhibitions reflected this, often including botanical exhibitions on topics of evolution, ecology or taxonomy, horticultural displays of attractive flower beds and herbaceous borders, plants from different parts of the world, special collections of plants groups such as bamboos or roses, and specialized greenhouse collections, such as tropical plants, alpine plants, cacti and orchids, as well as traditional herbal and medicinal plant gardens. For example, a large wooded garden with a good collection of rhododendrons and other flowering tree and shrub species is very likely to be presented as a botanical garden if it is located in the U.S. In the US, but it's highly unlikely to do so in the UK (unless it also contains other relevant features). For example, Asian introductions were described by Carolus Clusius (1526-15160), who was also director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Vienna and Hortus Botanicus Leiden.

The oldest botanical garden in South Africa is the Durban Botanical Garden, which has been on the same site since 1851.In the 17th century, botanical gardens began to contribute to a deeper scientific curiosity about plants. The Gryshko National Botanical Garden, a botanical garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine founded in 1936, and A. The early medieval gardens of Islamic Spain looked like the botanical gardens of the future, an example being the 11th-century Huerta del Ray garden by physician and author Ibn Wafid (999—1075 AD) in Toledo. .