What is the meaning of botanic gardens?

Also botanical garden), a garden, generally open to the public, where a wide range of plants are cultivated for scientific and educational purposes. All content on this website, including the dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography and other reference data, is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, current and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation or advice from a legal, medical or other professional. We all believe that we instinctively know what a botanical garden is: a beautiful garden in which plants are labeled.

Over the years, botanical gardens, as cultural and scientific organizations, have responded to the interests of botany and horticulture. The oldest botanical garden in South Africa is the Durban Botanical Garden, which has been on the same site since 1851.The botanical gardens of the 16th and 17th centuries were medicinal gardens, but the idea of a botanical garden changed to include exhibits of the beautiful and strange. New and sometimes economically important plant trophies are being returned from European colonies and other distant lands. With the rapid expansion of European colonies around the world in the late 18th century, botanical gardens were established in the tropics and economic botany became a focus of attention with the Royal Botanic Garden in Kew, near London.

The early medieval gardens of Islamic Spain looked like the botanical gardens of the future, an example being the 11th-century Huerta del Ray garden, by physician and author Ibn Wafid (999—1075 AD) in Toledo. Plants that were once of medicinal value and extremely important in early botanical gardens are now mainly of historical interest and are not particularly represented in contemporary collections. Botanical gardens are still being built, such as the first botanical garden in Oman, which will be one of the largest gardens in the world. The Quito botanical garden is a park, a botanical garden, an arboretum and greenhouses of 18,600 square meters that are planned to increase, maintain the country's plants (Ecuador is among the 17 richest countries in the world in terms of native species, a study on this topic).

The International Botanical Garden Association decided in 1963 that a botanical garden is a place “open to the public where plants are labeled”. The botanical garden can be an independent institution, a government operation, or be affiliated with a college or university. In the 18th century, botanists working in herbaria and universities associated with gardens designed naming and classification systems, systems that were often exhibited in gardens as beds for educational requests. Botanical gardens are reservoirs of valuable hereditary characteristics, potentially important in the reproduction of new varieties of plants.

The most famous of these, with highly respected collections, are the Nikitsky Botanical Garden, in Yalta, founded in 1812, M. For example, it is very likely that a large wooded garden with a good collection of rhododendrons and other species of flowering trees and shrubs will appear as a botanical garden if it is located in the USA. In the US, but it's highly unlikely to do so in the UK (unless it also contains other relevant features). The Royal Botanic Garden of Sydney, 1816; the Royal Tasmanian Botanical Garden, 1818; the Royal Botanic Garden of Melbourne, 1845; the Adelaide Botanic Garden, 1854; and the Brisbane Botanical Garden, 1855.